The Portraits of Andrew Gosnell
The "crayon" portrait and the search for the original photo
Andrew Gosnell, 1835 - 1896
31st Indiana Volunteer Infantry
This portrait of Andrew Gosnell first hung on the wall of the Gosnell residence and later at the residence of his daughter (My Great Grandmother) Bertha Ann Gosnell Cummins. The portrait measures about 16"w. x 20"h. in size and was framed in a frame that is shown near the bottom of this page.
This "crayon" portrait is an enlargement of a smaller photo of him. The picture frame was deteriorated and the portrait was broken into 3 major pieces and was crumbling. The portrait paper is on a heavy photo board that is acidic, giving it a brownish hue. The wooden backing broke in three pieces causing the cracks in the portrait board. On the back of the portrait written in cursive is "Mrs. Gosnell". Another unreadable name is on the back which we believe to be the Photographer or the business which may have enlarged it. Andrew is a private in this portrait. He was promoted to Corporal in July of 1862.
Conservation of this portrait was finished in December of 2016 by the Heller Conservation Services of Tennessee. A "crayon" portrait is made using an original print or negative which is enlarged with a special enlargement camera to make a faint photographic image onto larger photographic paper. The enlarged image is then drawn upon using various crayons and methods to make the final image. See "Restoring the original frame and recreating the Portrait:" (below)
Search for the original photo of Andrew:
Ever since re-discovering the above portrait we've had hopes of someday finding the original photo of Andrew. I asked family members about its whereabouts, searched the internet, civil war shows and antique stores hoping that maybe it would be found. On December 10, 2016, while going through my Uncle's estate, the original photo from which the above portrait was made was found by my cousin, loose in a box in an attic closet. I was filled with great excitement of the news and in January of 2017 I made the trip back home to see it for the first time. My hands were shaking when looking upon the very image my Great Great Grandfather posed for, over 156 years ago. Here it is below.
From the above clues, it is estimated that the photo was made between September 22, 1861 and February 1862 at either Evansville, IN, Henderson, KY, Spottsville, KY or Calhoun, KY. There was a "Daguerreotype" tent set up in camp at Calhoun.
Type of Image Process:
A tintype or ferrotype used an iron sheet that was coated with a black lacquer where upon an image was developed. The process was patented in 1856 and enjoyed popularity until the early 1900's. The process leaves a reversed image, like what one would see in a mirror. During the Civil War the following photographic processes were in use; Daguerreotype, Ambrotype, Tintype and Carte de Vista (later called CDV). To learn more about how a tintype photo was made, watch this YouTube video using the link below.
Restoring the original frame and recreating the Portrait:
During the conservation process, Heller Conservation took high quality images of this portrait. The original image was placed in a "solander" box for safe storage. Using the high quality image, I was able to "photo shop" out the cracks and missing pieces. The original frame is actually a combination of 3 separate frames; an inner one with an ornate raised design painted in gold, a middle frame of exposed wood, and the outer frame that is 2-1/4" wide with large ornate raised or bas-relief design painted a dark brown. The outer frame's molded design was severely damaged by water. About 1-1/2" of the molding was completely lost along the entire lower side of the frame and up about 3" on the left side. Using a molding compound a copy was made of the right side that was in good condition. The mold was matched up with the remaining relief and a clear resin was used to recreate the original design material that was lost. The frame was painted with a matching color and the gold inner section of the frame was also restored and painted. Below is the restored portrait and frame along with the 31st Indiana V.I. wall display. The original portrait and frame are estimated to have been made in the late 1880's to 1890's, no date has been found.